Open Source Hardware
Open source hardware, means free and open source software the same way as the design of computers and electronic hardware. Open source hardware started to consider areas outside of the open source software is open source culture.
The term is mainly used to reflect the release of detailed information on free hardware design, such as schematics, bill of materials and board layout data, commonly used open source software to drive hardware.
Shared logic design with programmable logic devices and the Reconstruction, is a form of open source hardware.
Some open source hardware projects are:
ECB AT91 - Information on Atmel AT91RM9200 ARM9 processor (180 MHz) single-board computer
ECB ATmega32/644 - based on Atmel ATmega32/644 (20 MHz) single board computer, network server performance, and less than 100mA of power consumption
Simputer - for developing Pocket PC
Open Graphics Project aims to design an open architecture and standard graphics.
Sun Microsystems OpenSPARC is a contribution to the UltraSPARC T1 and UltraSPARC T2 multicore processor, the processor design of open-source project.
OpenRISC is a developer of open source work of very high performance RISC CPU.
OpenCores is a foundation to try to form a design community, to support the open source core (logical design) of the processor, peripherals and other equipment. Wishbone maintain OpenCores called open
source for chip interconnection bus specification. (Via Wikipedia)
In short, open source software, open source, open source hardware, open circuit.